9-15 | Gateway to the Northwest
East Liverpool, Ohio

Side A & B | Gateway to the Northwest

Near this site on Sept. 30, 1785, Thomas Hutchins, first Geographer of the United States, drove a stake: This was the "Point of Beginning" of the Geographer's Line for the survey of the first "Seven Ranges" of six-mile square townships in compliance with the Federal Land Ordinance of 1785. This survey served as a prototype for most of the western United States (except Texas) and many countries of the world.

Sponsors: Columbiana County Historical Association, East Liverpool Historical Society, and The Ohio Historical Society

Sept. 1985


At this site you will find two Ohio Historical Markers (#4-41 and #9-15), and the only National Historic Landmark in Columbiana County. These markers cover the topic of the Land Ordinance of 1785 and Thomas Hutchins’ historic survey of the Seven Ranges in the SE corner of Ohio. This site marks where (or very near to it) he drove his first stake for the survey. The National Historic Marker on this site commemorates the same event. This survey was used as a prototype for most of the remaining U.S. states. Redundantly marker (#9-15) is extremely similar to the info and story found on #4-41 (our current records show that this was the last marker to be put in place).

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